Allium sativum L.
Allium sativum belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.
Allium sativum was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The plants are comparatively fast-growing and reach heights of 90 to 100 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 0.6 to 1 metres.
Allium sativum is deciduous. The mid-green, simple leaves are basal. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The surface of the leaves is glabrous. They turn an attractive yellow in autumn.
Flowers and Fruits
Allium sativum produces umbels of white six-stellate flowers from July to August. The plants are hermaphroditic.
The plants produce loculicidal capsules.
Allium sativum is native to : garden origin.
The plants prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -18Â°C (USDA zone 7).
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- high: city climate
The ornamental value of Allium sativum lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 20 to 30 centimetres, the plants are best planted in groups of 5 to 10. Suited for cottage gardens, as well as suited as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.