Allium sativum

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Allium sativum L.

Alliaceae

Life form: bulb or tuber
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   7

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

    

Shape: six-stellate
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

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Inflorescence: umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Amaryllidales

Allium sativum belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.

Naming

Allium sativum was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Allium sativum is the type species of the genus Allium which contains approximately 943 to 1011 species and belongs to the family of the Alliaceae (Garlic Family).

Characteristics

Allium sativum - bulbs

Growth

The plants are comparatively fast-growing and reach heights of 90 to 100 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 0.6 to 1 metres.

Leaves

Allium sativum is deciduous. The mid-green, simple leaves are basal. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The surface of the leaves is glabrous. They turn an attractive yellow in autumn.

Flowers and Fruits

Allium sativum produces umbels of white six-stellate flowers from July to August. The plants are hermaphroditic.

The plants produce loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Allium sativum is native to : garden origin.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • high: city climate

Uses

The ornamental value of Allium sativum lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 20 to 30 centimetres, the plants are best planted in groups of 5 to 10. Suited for cottage gardens, as well as suited as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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