Allium moly

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Allium moly L.

Alliaceae

Life form: bulb or tuber

Exposure: sun   7

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay - Soil: peat

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: six-stellate
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Amaryllidales

Allium moly, commonly known as lily leek, moly, belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.

Naming

Allium moly was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Allium moly is a species in the genus Allium which contains approximately 943 to 1011 species and belongs to the family of the Alliaceae (Garlic Family). The type species of the genus is Allium sativum.

Characteristics

Allium moly - habitus
Allium moly - flowers

Growth

The plants are comparatively long-lived and reach heights of 15 to 25 centimetres.

Leaves

Allium moly is deciduous. The bluish green, simple leaves are basal. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The leaves are around 10 to 20 centimetres large.

Flowers and Fruits

Allium moly produces umbels of yellow six-stellate flowers from May to June.

The plants produce loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Allium moly is native to Southwest France.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas
  • rockeries

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 10 to 20 centimetres, the plants are best planted in groups of 10 to 15. Suited for rockeries, roof greening and for beds and borders, as well as suited as cut flowers and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.

  • Cut back after flowering.

Propagate by sowing or by bulblets.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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