Allium neapolitanum

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Allium neapolitanum Cirillo

Alliaceae

Life form: bulb or tuber

Exposure: sun   8

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

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Inflorescence: umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Amaryllidales

Allium neapolitanum, commonly known as daffodil garlic, flowering onion, belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.

Naming

Allium neapolitanum was described by Domenico Maria Leone Cirillo in 1788. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Allium neapolitanum is a species in the genus Allium which contains approximately 943 to 1011 species and belongs to the family of the Alliaceae (Garlic Family). The type species of the genus is Allium sativum.

Characteristics

Growth

The plants are comparatively long-lived and reach heights of 20 to 40 centimetres.

Leaves

Allium neapolitanum is deciduous. The simple leaves are basal. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Allium neapolitanum produces umbels of white flowers from May to June.

The plants produce loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Allium neapolitanum is native to France, the Iberian Peninsula, the Apennine Peninsula, the Balkan Peninsula, Turkey and the Mediterranean.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -12°C (USDA zone 8).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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