Allium canadense L.
Allium canadense, commonly known as Canada garlic, meadow leek, belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.
Allium canadense was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
Allium canadense is a species in the genus Allium which contains approximately 943 to 1011 species and belongs to the family of the Alliaceae (Garlic Family). The type species of the genus is Allium sativum.
The plants are comparatively long-lived and reach heights of 20 to 25 centimetres.
Allium canadense is deciduous. The simple leaves are basal. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation.
Flowers and Fruits
Allium canadense produces umbels of pink flowers from April to July.
The plants produce loculicidal capsules.
Allium canadense is native to eastern Canada, the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the northern Prairie States of the US, the Southeast of the US, Florida and South Carolina.
The plants prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -35Â°C (USDA zone 4).
Maintenance and Propagation
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.