Allium chinense

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Allium chinense G.Don

Alliaceae

Life form: bulb or tuber
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   7

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

 

Inflorescence: umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Amaryllidales

Allium chinense, commonly known as rakkyo, belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.

Naming

Allium chinense was described by George Don in 1827. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Allium chinense is a species in the genus Allium which contains approximately 943 to 1011 species and belongs to the family of the Alliaceae (Garlic Family). The type species of the genus is Allium sativum.

Characteristics

Growth

The plants are comparatively long-lived.

Leaves

Allium chinense is deciduous. The simple leaves are basal. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

The flowers of Allium chinense are arranged in umbels.

The plants produce loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Allium chinense is native to China.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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