Allium atropurpureum

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Allium atropurpureum Waldst. & Kit.

Alliaceae

Life form: bulb or tuber

Exposure: sun   7

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: six-stellate
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

53A / 720d1b 

Inflorescence: umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Amaryllidales

Allium atropurpureum belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.

Naming

Allium atropurpureum was described by Franz de Paula Adam von Waldstein and Pál Kitaibel. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Allium atropurpureum is a species in the genus Allium which contains approximately 943 to 1011 species and belongs to the family of the Alliaceae (Garlic Family). The type species of the genus is Allium sativum.

Characteristics

Growth

The plants reach heights of to 70 centimetres.

Leaves

Allium atropurpureum is deciduous. The simple leaves are basal. They are linear and sessile with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Allium atropurpureum produces umbels of ruby-coloured six-stellate flowers from June to July.

The plants carry ornamental loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Allium atropurpureum is native to Hungary, Croatia, Yugoslavia (Serbia, Montenegro), Bulgaria, Romania and Turkey and is naturalized in Austria.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • flower beds (rich soil)
  • open areas

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 25 centimetres, the plants are best planted in groups of 5 to 10. Suited as cut flowers and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.

  • The leaves should be left on the plants after flowering so that they can gather strength for the following year.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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