Allium textile

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Allium textile A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr.

Alliaceae

Life form: bulb or tuber

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   5

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

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Inflorescence: umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Amaryllidales

Allium textile belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.

Naming

Allium textile was described by Aven Nelson and James Francis Macbride in 1913. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Allium textile is a species in the genus Allium which contains approximately 943 to 1011 species and belongs to the family of the Alliaceae (Garlic Family). The type species of the genus is Allium sativum.

Characteristics

Growth

The plants reach heights of 15 to 30 centimetres and are comparatively fast-growing and short-lived. They have a erect habit and produce a single stem and spread slowly. The main growing season is in spring.

Leaves

Allium textile is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are basal. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The foliage is porous.

Flowers and Fruits

Allium textile produces umbels of showy white flowers from April to May.

From spring to summer the plants produce only few brown loculicidal capsules that are both edible and very ornamental.

Root System

Distribution

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay and comparatively poor with a pH between 6 and 8. The plants need a soil depth of at least 20 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5) and need a frost-free period of at least 17 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: anaerobic soil
  • low: soil salinity
  • medium: calcareous soil
  • high: drought

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 60 to 90 centimetres.

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by bulblets or by sowing.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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