Allium tuberosum

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Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng.

Alliaceae

Life form: bulb or tuber
Usage: economic plant / Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   7

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay - Soil: peat

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: six-stellate
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

N999D / ffffff 

Inflorescence: umbel

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Amaryllidales

Allium tuberosum, commonly known as oriental garlic, Chinese chives, belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.

Naming

Johan Peter Rottler already described Allium tuberosum but the name was validly published by Curt Polycarp Joachim Sprengel in 1825.

Taxonomy

Allium tuberosum is a species in the genus Allium which contains approximately 943 to 1011 species and belongs to the family of the Alliaceae (Garlic Family). The type species of the genus is Allium sativum.

Characteristics

Allium tuberosum - leaves
Allium tuberosum - flowers
Allium tuberosum - inflorescence

Growth

The comparatively fast-growing and long-lived plants reach heights of 25 to 50 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 30 to 60 centimetres.

Leaves

Allium tuberosum is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are basal. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The surface of the leaves is glabrous.

Flowers and Fruits

Allium tuberosum produces umbels of white six-stellate flowers from August to September. The plants are hermaphroditic.

The plants carry brown loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Allium tuberosum is native to India, Nepal, China and Japan.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: drought
  • high: city climate

Uses

The ornamental value of Allium tuberosum lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 20 to 30 centimetres, the plants are best planted in groups of 5 to 10. Suited for rockeries, roof greening and for beds and borders, as well as suited as container plant and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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