Allium senescens L.
Allium senescens, commonly known as German garlic, belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.
Allium senescens was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
Allium senescens is a species in the genus Allium which contains approximately 943 to 1011 species and belongs to the family of the Alliaceae (Garlic Family). The type species of the genus is Allium sativum.
The plants reach heights of 10 to 60 centimetres.
Allium senescens is deciduous. The simple leaves are basal. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation.
Flowers and Fruits
Allium senescens produces umbels of bluish purple cup-shaped flowers from July to September.
The plants carry ornamental loculicidal capsules.
Allium senescens is native to the whole of Europe with the exception of the British Isles, West-Siberia, East Siberia, Central Asia, Mongolia, Manchuria and Korea.
The plants prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 5 and 6,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -29Â°C (USDA zone 5).
The recommended planting distance is 30 to 30 centimetres, the plants are best planted in groups of 5 to 10. Suited as cut flowers and as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.