Allium senescens

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Allium senescens L.

Alliaceae

Life form: bulb or tuber

Exposure: sun   5

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: cup-shaped
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

91A / 7455ac 

Inflorescence: umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Amaryllidales

Allium senescens, commonly known as German garlic, belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.

Naming

Allium senescens was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Allium senescens is a species in the genus Allium which contains approximately 943 to 1011 species and belongs to the family of the Alliaceae (Garlic Family). The type species of the genus is Allium sativum.

Characteristics

Allium senescens - habitus
Allium senescens - flowers

Growth

The plants reach heights of 10 to 60 centimetres.

Leaves

Allium senescens is deciduous. The simple leaves are basal. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Allium senescens produces umbels of bluish purple cup-shaped flowers from July to September.

The plants carry ornamental loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Allium senescens is native to the whole of Europe with the exception of the British Isles, West-Siberia, East Siberia, Central Asia, Mongolia, Manchuria and Korea.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 5 and 6,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 30 to 30 centimetres, the plants are best planted in groups of 5 to 10. Suited as cut flowers and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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