Allium scorodoprasum

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Allium scorodoprasum L.

Alliaceae

Life form: bulb or tuber

Exposure: sun   7

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: six-stellate
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

68A / c5388b 

Inflorescence: umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Amaryllidales

Allium scorodoprasum, commonly known as giant garlic, sand leek, belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.

Naming

Allium scorodoprasum was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Allium scorodoprasum is a species in the genus Allium which contains approximately 943 to 1011 species and belongs to the family of the Alliaceae (Garlic Family). The type species of the genus is Allium sativum.

Characteristics

Allium scorodoprasum - flowers

Growth

The plants are comparatively long-lived and reach heights of to 50 centimetres.

Leaves

Allium scorodoprasum is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are basal. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Allium scorodoprasum produces umbels of violet six-stellate flowers from June to July.

The plants produce loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Allium scorodoprasum is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey and the Caucasus.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber:

  • aquatic plant

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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