Allium ampeloprasum L.
Allium ampeloprasum, commonly known as wild leek, kurrat, belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.
Allium ampeloprasum was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
Allium ampeloprasum is a species in the genus Allium which contains approximately 943 to 1011 species and belongs to the family of the Alliaceae (Garlic Family). The type species of the genus is Allium sativum.
The plants are comparatively long-lived and reach heights of 45 to 180 centimetres.
Allium ampeloprasum is deciduous. The simple leaves are basal. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The surface of the leaves is glabrous.
Flowers and Fruits
Allium ampeloprasum produces umbels of pink six-stellate flowers from April to June. The plants are hermaphroditic.
The plants produce loculicidal capsules.
Allium ampeloprasum is native to the British Isles, France, the Iberian Peninsula, the Balkan Peninsula, Romania, Turkey, Syria, northern Iraq, Iran and North Africa and is naturalized in Virginia.
The plants prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -23Â°C (USDA zone 6).
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- high: city climate
Suited as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.