Allium vineale

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Allium vineale L.

Alliaceae

Life form: bulb or tuber

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   5

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: six-stellate
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

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Inflorescence: umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Amaryllidales

Allium vineale, commonly known as crow garlic, false garlic, belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.

Naming

Allium vineale was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Allium vineale is a species in the genus Allium which contains approximately 943 to 1011 species and belongs to the family of the Alliaceae (Garlic Family). The type species of the genus is Allium sativum.

Characteristics

Allium vineale - flowers

Growth

The plants reach heights of 30 to 90 centimetres.

Leaves

Allium vineale is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are basal. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Allium vineale produces umbels of white six-stellate flowers from June to July.

The plants produce loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Allium vineale is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey and the Caucasus and is naturalized in the eastern US.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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