Allium canadense

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Allium canadense L.

Alliaceae

Life form: bulb or tuber

Exposure: sun   4

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

63D / e981ab 

Inflorescence: umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Liliidae
Superordo:
Lilianae
Ordo:
Amaryllidales

Allium canadense, commonly known as Canada garlic, meadow leek, belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.

Naming

Allium canadense was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Allium canadense is a species in the genus Allium which contains approximately 943 to 1011 species and belongs to the family of the Alliaceae (Garlic Family). The type species of the genus is Allium sativum.

Characteristics

Growth

The plants are comparatively long-lived and reach heights of 20 to 25 centimetres.

Leaves

Allium canadense is deciduous. The simple leaves are basal. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Allium canadense produces umbels of pink flowers from April to July.

The plants produce loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Allium canadense is native to eastern Canada, the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the northern Prairie States of the US, the Southeast of the US, Florida and South Carolina.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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