Akebia quinata Decne.
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Akebia quinata is a climber.
Akebia quinata was already described and the name validly published by Maarten Houttuyn. It was Joseph Decaisne, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1839.
The comparatively fast-growing and long-lived climbers reach heights of 6 to 10 metres. The plants reach a width of 3 to 4 metres.
Akebia quinata is deciduous. The green to dark-green, digitate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are obovate and petiolate. They have entire margins and palmate venation. The surface of the leaves is glabrous. They turn an attractive dark red in autumn.
Flowers and Fruits
Akebia quinata produces racemes of pendant, brownish purple cup-shaped flowers in May. The plants flower on older shoots. They are .
From summer to autumn the climbers produce blue follicles that are both edible and very ornamental.
The plants form shallow roots.
Akebia quinata is native to Japan.
The climbers prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be clay, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -23Â°C (USDA zone 6).
The ornamental value of Akebia quinata lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 1,5 to 2 metres, the climbers are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited for rooftop gardens.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.