Aira caryophyllea L.
Aira caryophyllea, commonly known as silver hair grass, is a grass.
Aira caryophyllea was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The grasses are comparatively long-lived and reach heights of 15 to 20 centimetres.
Aira caryophyllea is deciduous. The simple leaves are alternate. They are linear and sessile with entire margins and parallel venation.
Flowers and Fruits
Aira caryophyllea produces flowers that are arranged in panicles from June to July.
The grasses produce caryopses.
Aira caryophyllea is native to the whole of Europe, the Canary Islands, the Azores, Turkey, the Caucasus, northern Iran, Northwest Africa, Ethiopia, tropical Africa and South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland and is naturalized in North America, South America, Australia and New Zealand.
The grasses prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -23Â°C (USDA zone 6).
Maintenance and Propagation
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.