Deschampsia flexuosa

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Deschampsia flexuosa (L.) Trin.

Poaceae

Life form: grass
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   4

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

80A / 660f6c 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Deschampsia flexuosa, commonly known as Wavy Hair Grass, is a grass.

Naming

Deschampsia flexuosa was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Carl Bernhard von Trinius, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1836.

Taxonomy

Deschampsia flexuosa is a species in the genus Deschampsia which contains approximately 47 to 57 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The grasses are comparatively short-lived and reach heights of 15 to 60 centimetres.

Leaves

Deschampsia flexuosa is evergreen. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Deschampsia flexuosa produces panicles of purple flowers from May to June.

The grasses produce ornamental brown caryopses in summer.

Root System

Distribution

Deschampsia flexuosa is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus, northern Iran, West-Siberia, East Siberia, Sakhalin, the Kamtschatka Peninsula, Japan, Taiwan, Morocco, Algeria, Alaska, Greenland, Canada, the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the Southeast of the US, the southern Prairie States of the US, Argentina and Chile and is naturalized in New Guinea, in the Philippines, in Borneo and New Zealand.

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. They prefer gritty loam with a pH between 4,8 and 6,8. The plants need a soil depth of at least 20 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: drought
  • low: calcareous soil

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 30 centimetres, the grasses are best planted in groups of 5 to 10.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.

  • Cut back after flowering to prevent self-seeding.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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