Aira caryophyllea

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Aira caryophyllea L.

Poaceae

Life form: grass

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   6

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Aira caryophyllea, commonly known as silver hair grass, is a grass.

Naming

Aira caryophyllea was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Aira caryophyllea is a species in the genus Aira which contains approximately 10 to 41 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The grasses are comparatively long-lived and reach heights of 15 to 20 centimetres.

Leaves

Aira caryophyllea is deciduous. The simple leaves are alternate. They are linear and sessile with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Aira caryophyllea produces flowers that are arranged in panicles from June to July.

The grasses produce caryopses.

Root System

Distribution

Aira caryophyllea is native to the whole of Europe, the Canary Islands, the Azores, Turkey, the Caucasus, northern Iran, Northwest Africa, Ethiopia, tropical Africa and South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland and is naturalized in North America, South America, Australia and New Zealand.

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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