Agrostis capillaris

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Agrostis capillaris L.

Poaceae

Life form: grass
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   4

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sand - Soil: gritty-sandy - Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: clay - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

150B / c3d238 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Agrostis capillaris, commonly known as common bent, is a grass.

Naming

Agrostis capillaris was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Agrostis capillaris is a species in the genus Agrostis which contains approximately 239 to 358 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The comparatively fast-growing and short-lived grasses have a erect habit and reach heights of 20 to 70 centimetres. They spread rapidly, the main growing season is in spring and summer.

Leaves

Agrostis capillaris is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The foliage is porous.

Flowers and Fruits

Agrostis capillaris produces panicles of light-green flowers from June to July.

The grasses produce an abundance of brown caryopses in summer.

Root System

The plants produce rhizomes which give rise to vegetative spread.

Distribution

Agrostis capillaris is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus, northern Iran, West-Siberia, East Siberia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Tunesia and the Canary Islands and is naturalized in North America, Central America, South America, Greenland, South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland, Australia and New Zealand.

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy, gritty-sandy, loamy, sandy-loamy, clay, sandy clay or loamy clay and comparatively rich with a pH between 4,9 and 7,5. The plants need a soil depth of at least 30 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4) and need a frost-free period of at least 17 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • low: drought
  • medium: soil salinity, anaerobic soil, calcareous soil

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 35 centimetres.

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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