Agrostis canina L.
Agrostis canina is a grass.
Agrostis canina was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The grasses have a erect habit and reach heights of 20 to 60 centimetres. They spread rapidly, the main growing season is in spring and summer. The plants reach a width of 10 to 30 centimetres.
Agrostis canina is deciduous. The dark-green, tripinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are linear, entire and have parallel venation. The foliage is porous.
Flowers and Fruits
Agrostis canina produces spikes of brown flowers from June to August.
The grasses produce yellow caryopses in summer.
The plants produce stolons which give rise to vegetative spread.
Agrostis canina is native to the whole of Europe, West-Siberia, East Siberia, the Kamtschatka Peninsula, Mongolia and Sakhalin and is naturalized in North America.
The grasses prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be comparatively rich with a pH between 5 and 7,5. The plants need a soil depth of at least 25 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -35Â°C (USDA zone 4) and need a frost-free period of at least 13 weeks.
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- low: anaerobic soil, drought
- medium: soil salinity, calcareous soil
The recommended planting distance is 30 centimetres.
Maintenance and Propagation
Propagate by sowing or by ripe cuttings.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.