Agrostis canina

From Hortipedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Hortipedia Commons %LABEL_PRINTING QR Code

Agrostis canina L.

Poaceae

Life form: grass
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   4

Moisture: moderately moist

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: tripinnate

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

165B / 92481f 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Agrostis canina is a grass.

Naming

Agrostis canina was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Agrostis canina is a species in the genus Agrostis which contains approximately 239 to 358 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The grasses have a erect habit and reach heights of 20 to 60 centimetres. They spread rapidly, the main growing season is in spring and summer. The plants reach a width of 10 to 30 centimetres.

Leaves

Agrostis canina is deciduous. The dark-green, tripinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are linear, entire and have parallel venation. The foliage is porous.

Flowers and Fruits

Agrostis canina produces spikes of brown flowers from June to August.

The grasses produce yellow caryopses in summer.

Root System

The plants produce stolons which give rise to vegetative spread.

Distribution

Agrostis canina is native to the whole of Europe, West-Siberia, East Siberia, the Kamtschatka Peninsula, Mongolia and Sakhalin and is naturalized in North America.

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be comparatively rich with a pH between 5 and 7,5. The plants need a soil depth of at least 25 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4) and need a frost-free period of at least 13 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • low: anaerobic soil, drought
  • medium: soil salinity, calcareous soil

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 30 centimetres.

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing or by ripe cuttings.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

Non-commercial Links

This might also interest you

Commercial Links