Agrostis stolonifera

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Agrostis stolonifera L.

Poaceae

Life form: grass
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   4

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sand - Soil: gritty-sandy - Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

82C / 7b4c9a 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Agrostis stolonifera, commonly known as creeping bent, spreading bent, is a grass.

Naming

Agrostis stolonifera was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Agrostis stolonifera is a species in the genus Agrostis which contains approximately 239 to 358 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The comparatively fast-growing and short-lived grasses reach heights of 30 to 50 centimetres.

Leaves

Agrostis stolonifera is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Agrostis stolonifera produces spikes of purple flowers from July to August.

The grasses produce brown caryopses in summer.

Root System

Distribution

Agrostis stolonifera is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean, Iraq, the Caucasus, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Northwest India, West-Siberia, East Siberia, Sakhalin, the Kamtschatka Peninsula, Tibet, the Himalaya, Mongolia, China, Korea and North Africa and is naturalized in Japan, North America, Central America, South America, Australia and New Zealand.

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. They prefer sandy, gritty-sandy, loamy, sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 5,1 and 7,5. The plants need a soil depth of at least 30 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4).

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 30 centimetres. Suited for roof greening.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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