Elymus hispidus

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Elymus hispidus (Opiz) Melderis

Poaceae

Life form: grass
Usage: economic plant / Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   5

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves:

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Elymus hispidus is a grass.

Naming

Elymus hispidus was already described and the name validly published by Philipp Maximilian Opiz. It was Aleksandre Melderis, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1978.

Taxonomy

Elymus hispidus is a species in the genus Elymus which contains approximately 235 to 310 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The comparatively fast-growing and short-lived grasses have a erect habit and reach heights of 40 to 80 centimetres. The main growing season is from spring to fall.

Leaves

Elymus hispidus has simple leaves that are alternate. The leaves are linear, entire and have parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Elymus hispidus produces flowers that are arranged in spikes from June to July.

From spring to summer the grasses carry an abundance of caryopses.

Root System

The plants produce rhizomes which give rise to vegetative spread.

Distribution

Elymus hispidus is native to the whole of Europe with the exception of the British Isles and North Europe, Turkey, northern Iraq, the Caucasus, Iran, Pakistan and Central Asia.

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a sunny situation on moist soil. They prefer sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 5,6 and 8,4. The plants need a soil depth of at least 41 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5) and need a frost-free period of at least 13 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • low: anaerobic soil
  • medium: soil salinity, drought
  • high: calcareous soil

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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