Elymus farctus (Viv.) Runemark ex Melderis
Elymus farctus, commonly known as Sand Couch, is a grass.
Elymus farctus was already described and the name validly published by Domenico Viviani. It was Aleksandre Melderis, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics based on a prior description by Hans Runemark.
The grasses reach heights of 20 to 60 centimetres.
Elymus farctus has simple leaves that are alternate. The leaves are linear, entire and have parallel venation.
Flowers and Fruits
Elymus farctus produces flowers that are arranged in spikes from June to August.
The grasses produce caryopses.
Elymus farctus is native to to the coastal regions of Europe, Turkey and North Africa, and is naturalized in North America .
The grasses prefer a sunny situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -29Â°C (USDA zone 5).
Maintenance and Propagation
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.