Agastache foeniculum

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Agastache foeniculum (Pursh) Kuntze

Lamiaceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: sun   7

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate-lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: labiate
Fruit: schizocarp

105C / 00399c 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: clump-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Lamianae
Ordo:
Lamiales
Subordo:
Lamiineae

Agastache foeniculum is a perennial.

Naming

Agastache foeniculum was already described and the name validly published by Frederick Traugott Pursh. It was Carl Ernst Otto Kuntze, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1891.

Taxonomy

Agastache foeniculum is a species in the genus Agastache which contains approximately 27 to 29 species and belongs to the family of the Lamiaceae (Mint Family). The type species of the genus is Agastache scrophulariifolia.

Characteristics

Agastache foeniculum - leaves

Growth

The perennials have a clumpforming habit and reach heights of 90 to 150 centimetres.

Leaves

Agastache foeniculum is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are opposite. They are ovate-lanceolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Agastache foeniculum produces spikes of blue labiate flowers from July to August.

The perennials produce schizocarps.

Root System

Distribution

Agastache foeniculum is native to the central Northeast of the US, the northern Prairie States of the US and the Rocky Mountains.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: drought, waterlogging, winter dampness

Uses

The ornamental value of Agastache foeniculum lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 50 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited as cut flowers and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.

  • Cut back after first flowering to stimulate a second bloom. Cut back after flowering to prevent self-seeding.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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