Adonis vernalis L.
Adonis vernalis is a perennial.
Adonis vernalis was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
Adonis vernalis is a species in the genus Adonis which contains approximately 37 to 53 species and belongs to the family of the Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family). The type species of the genus is Adonis annua.
The perennials have a clumpforming habit and reach heights of 20 to 35 centimetres.
Adonis vernalis is deciduous. The green, tripinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are linear and sessile. They have entire margins and parallel venation. The leaves are around 10 to 20 centimetres large and have a glabrous surface.
Flowers and Fruits
Adonis vernalis produces solitary erect, yellow cup-shaped flowers from April to May.
The perennials produce nutlets.
Adonis vernalis is native to Europe.
The perennials prefer a sunny situation on dry soil. The substrate should be gritty loam with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -40Â°C (USDA zone 3).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- steppes/dry forests (usually calcareous soil)
- woods (soil usually rich in organic material)
Adonis vernalis is considered a very valuable wild perennial. The recommended planting distance is 30 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited for moorland gardens and for rockeries, as well as suited as slope plant and as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
- If possible the plants should not be transplanted.
Propagate by sowing.
Adonis vernalis is toxic.
Please read the health issues note!
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.