Adonis vernalis

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Adonis vernalis L.

Ranunculaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   3

Moisture: dry

Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: tripinnate

Shape: cup-shaped
Fruit: nutlet

8A / ffd534 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: single
Habit: erect

Growth form: clump-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Ranunculopsida
Subclassis:
Ranunculidae
Superordo:
Ranunculanae
Ordo:
Ranunculales

Adonis vernalis is a perennial.

Naming

Adonis vernalis was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Adonis vernalis is a species in the genus Adonis which contains approximately 37 to 53 species and belongs to the family of the Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family). The type species of the genus is Adonis annua.

Characteristics

Adonis vernalis - habitus
Adonis vernalis - flowers

Growth

The perennials have a clumpforming habit and reach heights of 20 to 35 centimetres.

Leaves

Adonis vernalis is deciduous. The green, tripinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are linear and sessile. They have entire margins and parallel venation. The leaves are around 10 to 20 centimetres large and have a glabrous surface.

Flowers and Fruits

Adonis vernalis produces solitary erect, yellow cup-shaped flowers from April to May.

The perennials produce nutlets.

Root System

Distribution

Adonis vernalis is native to Europe.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny situation on dry soil. The substrate should be gritty loam with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -40°C (USDA zone 3).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • steppes/dry forests (usually calcareous soil)
  • woods (soil usually rich in organic material)

Uses

Adonis vernalis is considered a very valuable wild perennial. The recommended planting distance is 30 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited for moorland gardens and for rockeries, as well as suited as slope plant and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • If possible the plants should not be transplanted.

Propagate by sowing.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Adonis vernalis is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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