Adenorachis arbutifolia

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Adenorachis arbutifolia L.

Rosaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: economic plant / Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   5

Moisture: moderately moist bis Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay - Soil: peat

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: elliptic

Division: simple

    

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: pome

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Inflorescence: cymose corymb

Petals: single
Habit: erect

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rosanae
Ordo:
Rosales

Adenorachis arbutifolia is a shrub.

Naming

Adenorachis arbutifolia was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Julius Arthur Nieuwland, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1915.

Taxonomy

Adenorachis arbutifolia is the only species in the genus Adenorachis which belongs to the family of the Rosaceae (Rose Family).

Characteristics

Adenorachis arbutifolia - leaves
Adenorachis arbutifolia - flowers
Adenorachis arbutifolia - branches
Adenorachis arbutifolia - fruits

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 1,2 to 2 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Adenorachis arbutifolia is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are elliptic and petiolate with entire margins and arcuate venation. They turn an attractive red in autumn.

Flowers and Fruits

Adenorachis arbutifolia produces cymose corymbs of erect, white five-stellate flowers from May to June. The plants are hermaphroditic, pollination takes places by allogamy through animals.

The shrubs carry ornamental red pomes.

Root System

Distribution

Adenorachis arbutifolia is native to eastern Canada, the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the Southeast of the US, Florida and Texas.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Uses

Suited as bird pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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