Adenium obesum

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Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roem. & Schult.

Apocynaceae

Life form: shrub

Exposure: sun   10

Moisture: dry

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: not specified

Division: simple

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: follicle

63D / e981ab 

Inflorescence: cymose corymb

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Gentiananae
Ordo:
Gentianales

Adenium obesum is a shrub.

Naming

Adenium obesum was already described and the name validly published by Pehr Forsskål. It was Johann Jakob Roemer and Josef August Schultes, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1819.

Taxonomy

Adenium obesum is a species in the genus Adenium which contains 5 species and belongs to the family of the Apocynaceae (Dogbane Family).

Characteristics

Adenium obesum - flowers

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 1,2 to 1,5 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Adenium obesum is deciduous. The mid-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are entire.

Flowers and Fruits

Adenium obesum produces cymose corymbs of pink five-stellate flowers.

The shrubs produce follicles.

Root System

Distribution

Adenium obesum is native to tropical South Africa and South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny situation on dry soil. They tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: drought

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.


Cultivars

Poisonousness

Adenium obesum is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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