Actinidia kolomikta

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Actinidia kolomikta (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim.

Actinidiaceae

Life form: climber
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   5

Moisture: moist

Soil: clay - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay - Soil: peat

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

    

Shape: cruciform
Fruit: berry

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Inflorescence: cluster

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Dilleniidae
Superordo:
Ericanae
Ordo:
Actinidiales

Actinidia kolomikta is a climber.

Naming

Actinidia kolomikta was already described and the name validly published by Franz Josef Ruprecht and Carl Johann Maximowicz. It was Carl Johann Maximowicz, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics .

Taxonomy

Actinidia kolomikta is a species in the genus Actinidia which contains approximately 86 to 89 species and belongs to the family of the Actinidiaceae (Chinese-goosberry Family).

Characteristics

Actinidia kolomikta - habitus
Actinidia kolomikta - leaves
Actinidia kolomikta - flowers
Actinidia kolomikta - branches

Growth

The climbers are comparatively slow-growing and reach heights of 3 to 6 metres. The plants reach a width of 5 to 7 metres.

Leaves

Actinidia kolomikta is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are ovate and petiolate with entire margins and pinnate venation. The surface of the leaves is pilose. They turn an attractive yellow in autumn.

Flowers and Fruits

Actinidia kolomikta produces cluster of white cruciform flowers from May to June. The plants flower on older shoots. They are dioecious.

In autumn the climbers produce green berries that are both edible and very ornamental. The fruits have a aromatic taste.

Root System

The plants form shallow roots.

Distribution

Actinidia kolomikta is native to East Asia.

Cultivation

The climbers prefer a sunny situation on moist soil. The substrate should be clay, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Uses

The ornamental value of Actinidia kolomikta lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 1,5 metre, the climbers are best planted in groups of 3 to 5.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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