Actinidia kolomikta (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim.
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Actinidia kolomikta is a climber.
Actinidia kolomikta was already described and the name validly published by Franz Josef Ruprecht and Carl Johann Maximowicz. It was Carl Johann Maximowicz, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics .
The climbers are comparatively slow-growing and reach heights of 3 to 6 metres. The plants reach a width of 5 to 7 metres.
Actinidia kolomikta is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are ovate and petiolate with entire margins and pinnate venation. The surface of the leaves is pilose. They turn an attractive yellow in autumn.
Flowers and Fruits
Actinidia kolomikta produces cluster of white cruciform flowers from May to June. The plants flower on older shoots. They are dioecious.
In autumn the climbers produce green berries that are both edible and very ornamental. The fruits have a aromatic taste.
The plants form shallow roots.
Actinidia kolomikta is native to East Asia.
The climbers prefer a sunny situation on moist soil. The substrate should be clay, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -29Â°C (USDA zone 5).
The ornamental value of Actinidia kolomikta lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 1,5 metre, the climbers are best planted in groups of 3 to 5.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants usually need very little maintenance.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.