Actinidia deliciosa

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Actinidia deliciosa Planch.

Actinidiaceae

Life form: climber
Usage: economic plant / Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   6

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay - Soil: peat

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: cordate

Division: simple

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: berry

VI

158C / fbe5cb 

Inflorescence: cluster

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Dilleniidae
Superordo:
Ericanae
Ordo:
Actinidiales

Actinidia deliciosa is a climber.

Naming

Actinidia deliciosa was already described and the name validly published by Auguste Jean Baptiste Chevalier. It was Chou Fen Liang and Allan Ross Ferguson, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1984.

Taxonomy

Actinidia deliciosa is a species in the genus Actinidia which contains approximately 86 to 89 species and belongs to the family of the Actinidiaceae (Chinese-goosberry Family).

Characteristics

Actinidia deliciosa - leaves
Actinidia deliciosa - buds
Actinidia deliciosa - flowers
Actinidia deliciosa - fruits

Growth

The comparatively fast-growing and short-lived climbers reach heights of 7 to 10 metres.

Leaves

Actinidia deliciosa is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are cordate and petiolate with entire margins and pinnate venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Actinidia deliciosa produces cluster of beige five-stellate flowers in June. The plants are dioecious.

The climbers carry brown berries.

Root System

Distribution

Actinidia deliciosa is native to China.

Cultivation

The climbers prefer a sunny situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Uses

The ornamental value of Actinidia deliciosa lies especially in its fragrance.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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