Actaea rubra

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Actaea rubra (Aiton) Willd.

Ranunculaceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: half shade - Exposure: shade   3

Moisture: moist

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves:

Shape: not specified

Division: not specified

Shape: not specified
Fruit: follicle

N999D / ffffff 

Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: clump-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Ranunculopsida
Subclassis:
Ranunculidae
Superordo:
Ranunculanae
Ordo:
Ranunculales

Actaea rubra is a perennial.

Naming

Actaea rubra was already described and the name validly published by William Aiton. It was Carl Ludwig von Willdenow, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1809.

Taxonomy

Actaea rubra is a species in the genus Actaea which contains approximately 37 to 45 species and belongs to the family of the Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family).

Characteristics

Actaea rubra - leaves
Actaea rubra - fruits

Growth

The perennials have a clumpforming habit and reach heights of 40 to 45 centimetres.

Leaves

Actaea rubra has dark-green leaves that are alternate. The leaves are around 40 to 50 centimetres large.

Flowers and Fruits

Actaea rubra produces racemes of white flowers from May to June.

The perennials produce ornamental red follicles from summer to autumn.

Root System

Distribution

Actaea rubra is native to Alaska, Canada, the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the northern Prairie States of the US, the Rocky Mountains, the Northwest of the US, the Southwest of the US and California.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a half-shady to shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should have a pH between 4 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -40°C (USDA zone 3).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
  • woods (soil usually rich in organic material)

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 30 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited as specimen plant.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.

  • If possible the plants should not be transplanted.


Cultivars

Poisonousness

Actaea rubra is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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