Actaea cordifolia DC.
Actaea cordifolia is a perennial.
Actaea cordifolia was described by Augustin Pyramus de Candolle in 1817. The name is considered as validly published.
The perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 1,4 to 1,5 metres.
Actaea cordifolia is deciduous. The dark-green leaves are alternate. They are petiolate. The leaves are around 60 to 80 centimetres large.
Flowers and Fruits
Actaea cordifolia produces racemes of white five-stellate flowers from August to September.
The perennials produce follicles.
Actaea cordifolia is native to Virginia and the Southeast of the US.
The perennials prefer a half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be loamy soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -35Â°C (USDA zone 4).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
- woods (soil usually rich in organic material)
Actaea cordifolia is considered a very valuable wild perennial. The ornamental value lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 90 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 10. Suited for beds and borders, as well as suited as cemetery plant, specimen plant and as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
- If possible the plants should not be transplanted.
Propagate by sowing or by division.
Actaea cordifolia is toxic.
Please read the health issues note!
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.