Actaea cordifolia

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Actaea cordifolia DC.

Ranunculaceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: half shade   4

Moisture: moist

Soil: loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: not specified

Division: not specified

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: follicle

N999D / ffffff 

Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: stemless

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Ranunculopsida
Subclassis:
Ranunculidae
Superordo:
Ranunculanae
Ordo:
Ranunculales

Actaea cordifolia is a perennial.

Naming

Actaea cordifolia was described by Augustin Pyramus de Candolle in 1817. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Actaea cordifolia is a species in the genus Actaea which contains approximately 37 to 45 species and belongs to the family of the Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family).

Characteristics

Actaea cordifolia - inflorescence

Growth

The perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 1,4 to 1,5 metres.

Leaves

Actaea cordifolia is deciduous. The dark-green leaves are alternate. They are petiolate. The leaves are around 60 to 80 centimetres large.

Flowers and Fruits

Actaea cordifolia produces racemes of white five-stellate flowers from August to September.

The perennials produce follicles.

Root System

Distribution

Actaea cordifolia is native to Virginia and the Southeast of the US.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be loamy soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
  • woods (soil usually rich in organic material)

Uses

Actaea cordifolia is considered a very valuable wild perennial. The ornamental value lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 90 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 10. Suited for beds and borders, as well as suited as cemetery plant, specimen plant and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • If possible the plants should not be transplanted.

Propagate by sowing or by division.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Actaea cordifolia is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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