Actaea dahurica Turcz. ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.
Actaea dahurica is a perennial.
Actaea dahurica was already described and the name validly published by Friedrich Ernst Ludwig von Fischer and Carl Anton von Meyer based on a prior description by Nicolai Stepanowitsch Turczaninow. It was Adrien RenÃ© Franchet, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics .
The perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 80 to 100 centimetres.
Actaea dahurica is deciduous. The dark-green, bipinnate leaves are alternate. The ovate leaflets are serrate and petiolate. The leaves are around 60 to 80 centimetres large.
Flowers and Fruits
Actaea dahurica produces racemes of white five-stellate flowers from August to September.
The perennials produce follicles.
Actaea dahurica is native to East Siberia, Mongolia, China and Japan.
The perennials prefer a half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be loamy soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -29Â°C (USDA zone 5).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
- woods (soil usually rich in organic material)
The ornamental value of Actaea dahurica lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 1 metre, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 10. Suited as specimen plant, cut flowers and as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
- If possible the plants should not be transplanted.
Propagate by sowing or by division.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.