Actaea dahurica

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Actaea dahurica Turcz. ex Fisch. & C.A.Mey.

Ranunculaceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: half shade   5

Moisture: moist

Soil: loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: bipinnate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: follicle

N999D / ffffff 

Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: stemless

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Ranunculopsida
Subclassis:
Ranunculidae
Superordo:
Ranunculanae
Ordo:
Ranunculales

Actaea dahurica is a perennial.

Naming

Actaea dahurica was already described and the name validly published by Friedrich Ernst Ludwig von Fischer and Carl Anton von Meyer based on a prior description by Nicolai Stepanowitsch Turczaninow. It was Adrien René Franchet, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics .

Taxonomy

Actaea dahurica is a species in the genus Actaea which contains approximately 37 to 45 species and belongs to the family of the Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 80 to 100 centimetres.

Leaves

Actaea dahurica is deciduous. The dark-green, bipinnate leaves are alternate. The ovate leaflets are serrate and petiolate. The leaves are around 60 to 80 centimetres large.

Flowers and Fruits

Actaea dahurica produces racemes of white five-stellate flowers from August to September.

The perennials produce follicles.

Root System

Distribution

Actaea dahurica is native to East Siberia, Mongolia, China and Japan.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be loamy soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
  • woods (soil usually rich in organic material)

Uses

The ornamental value of Actaea dahurica lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 1 metre, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 10. Suited as specimen plant, cut flowers and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • If possible the plants should not be transplanted.

Propagate by sowing or by division.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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