Actaea cimicifuga

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Actaea cimicifuga L.

Ranunculaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: half shade   3

Moisture: moist

Soil: loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves:

Shape: ovate

Division: tripinnate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: follicle

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Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: stemless

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Ranunculopsida
Subclassis:
Ranunculidae
Superordo:
Ranunculanae
Ordo:
Ranunculales

Actaea cimicifuga, commonly known as foetid bugbane, is a perennial.

Naming

Actaea cimicifuga was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Actaea cimicifuga is a species in the genus Actaea which contains approximately 37 to 45 species and belongs to the family of the Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 60 to 200 centimetres.

Leaves

Actaea cimicifuga has dark-green, tripinnate leaves that are alternate. The ovate leaflets are sinuate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Actaea cimicifuga produces racemes of white five-stellate flowers from June to October.

The perennials produce follicles.

Root System

Distribution

Actaea cimicifuga is native to eastern Central Europe, Romania, the European Russia (Belarus, the Ukraine, Moldova, Crimea), West-Siberia, East Siberia and East Asia.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -40°C (USDA zone 3).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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