Actaea alba (L.) Mill.
Actaea alba is a perennial.
The perennials have a clumpforming habit and reach heights of 80 to 90 centimetres.
Actaea alba is deciduous. The dark-green, bipinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are ovate and petiolate. They have dentate margins and palmate venation. The leaves are around 60 to 80 centimetres large.
Flowers and Fruits
Actaea alba produces racemes of erect, white many-stellate flowers from May to June.
The perennials produce ornamental white berries from summer to autumn.
Actaea alba is native to the eastern US and the central US.
The perennials prefer a half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be gritty loam with a pH between 4 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -40Â°C (USDA zone 3).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
- woods (soil usually rich in organic material)
Actaea alba is considered a valuable wild perennial. The ornamental value lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 30 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited as specimen plant.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.
- If possible the plants should not be transplanted.
Propagate by sowing or by division.
Actaea alba is toxic.
Please read the health issues note!
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.