Acorus gramineus

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Acorus gramineus Sol. ex Aiton

Acoraceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   7

Moisture: aquatic plant

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: six-stellate
Fruit: berry

149C / add664 

Inflorescence: spadix

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Aridae
Superordo:
Acoranae
Ordo:
Acorales
Subordo:
Acorineae

Acorus gramineus is a perennial.

Naming

Acorus gramineus was described by Daniel Carl Solander in 1789. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Acorus gramineus is a species in the genus Acorus which contains approximately 4 to 6 species and belongs to the family of the Acoraceae (Sweet Flag Family).

Characteristics

Acorus gramineus - leaves

Growth

The perennials reach heights of 8 to 35 centimetres.

Leaves

Acorus gramineus is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear and sessile with entire margins and parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Acorus gramineus produces spadices of greenish six-stellate flowers from May to June.

The perennials produce berries.

Root System

Distribution

Acorus gramineus is native to India, Thailand, China and Japan.

Cultivation

The perennials are aquatic plants and prefer a sunny to half-shady situation. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Uses

The ornamental value of Acorus gramineus lies especially in the ornamental leaves. Suited as cemetery plant and as groundcover.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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