Aconitum napellus

From Hortipedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Hortipedia Commons %LABEL_PRINTING QR Code

Aconitum napellus L.

Ranunculaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   6

Moisture: moderately moist bis Moisture: moist

Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: clay - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: palmately lobed

Division: simple

Shape: tubular
Fruit: follicle

87A / 4a1282 

Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: single
Habit: erect

Growth form: stemless

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Ranunculopsida
Subclassis:
Ranunculidae
Superordo:
Ranunculanae
Ordo:
Ranunculales

Aconitum napellus is a perennial.

Naming

Aconitum napellus was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Aconitum napellus is the type species of the genus Aconitum which contains approximately 383 to 521 species and belongs to the family of the Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family).

Characteristics

Aconitum napellus - habitus
Aconitum napellus - leaves
Aconitum napellus - flowers
Aconitum napellus - fruits

Growth

The comparatively fast-growing perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 1,1 to 1,5 metres. The plants reach a width of 10 to 30 centimetres.

Leaves

Aconitum napellus is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are palmately lobed and petiolate with dentate margins and palmate venation. The leaves are around 20 to 30 centimetres large.

Flowers and Fruits

Aconitum napellus produces racemes of erect, bluish purple tubular flowers from July to August.

The perennials produce black follicles in autumn.

Root System

Distribution

Aconitum napellus is native to Europe.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be loamy, sandy-loamy, clay, sandy clay or loamy clay soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)

Uses

Aconitum napellus is considered a valuable wild perennial. The recommended planting distance is 40 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited for cottage gardens and for beds and borders, as well as suited as cut flowers and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.

  • water during dry periods.
  • Cut back after flowering.

Propagate by sowing or by division.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Aconitum napellus is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

Non-commercial Links

This might also interest you

Commercial Links