Clinopodium alpinum

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Clinopodium alpinum Kuntze

Lamiaceae

Life form: perennial

  5

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: decidious

Shape: lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: labiate
Fruit: schizocarp

82C / 7b4c9a 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: cushion- or mound-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Lamianae
Ordo:
Lamiales
Subordo:
Lamiineae

Clinopodium alpinum, commonly known as Alpine Calamint, is a perennial.

Naming

Clinopodium alpinum was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Carl Ernst Otto Kuntze, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1891.

Taxonomy

Clinopodium alpinum is a species in the genus Clinopodium which contains approximately 170 to 178 species and belongs to the family of the Lamiaceae (Mint Family). The type species of the genus is Clinopodium vulgare.

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials have a pulvinate (cushion-formig) habit and reach heights of 10 to 20 centimetres.

Leaves

Clinopodium alpinum is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are opposite. They are lanceolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Clinopodium alpinum produces purple labiate flowers from July to September.

The perennials produce schizocarps.

Root System

Distribution

Clinopodium alpinum is native to the whole of Europe with the exception of the British Isles and Sicily, Turkey and Northwest Africa.

Cultivation

The perennials tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Uses

Suited for roof greening.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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