Acer monspessulanum L.
Acer monspessulanum is a tree.
Acer monspessulanum was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
Acer monspessulanum is a species in the genus Acer which contains approximately 230 to 296 species and belongs to the family of the Aceraceae (Maple Family). The type species of the genus is Acer pseudoplatanus.
The comparatively slow-growing trees have a rounded to broadly spreading canopy and reach heights of 6 to 8 metres. The plants reach a width of 4 to 9 metres.
Wood and Bark
The bark is longitudinally fissured and brown.
Acer monspessulanum is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are opposite. They are lobate, petiolate and have palmate venation. They turn an attractive yellow, orange to bright orange in autumn.
Flowers and Fruits
Acer monspessulanum produces racemes of pendant, ligth-yellow five-stellate flowers in April. The plants are dioecious, pollination takes places by allogamy through animals.
The trees produce red schizocarps in spring.
The plants form shallow roots.
Acer monspessulanum is native to France, Romania, Turkey, Syria, Northwest Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, the Apennine Peninsula and the Balkan Peninsula.
The trees prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 6,5 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -29Â°C (USDA zone 5).
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- none: drought
Suited for windbreaks and soil protection and for noise and dust protection, as well as suited as cemetery plant, avenue tree and as greenery along roads.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants usually need very little maintenance.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.