Acer monspessulanum

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Acer monspessulanum L.

Aceraceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   5

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: decidious

Shape: not specified

Division: simple

              

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: schizocarp

IV

3D / efe981 

Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: not specified
Habit: pendant

Canopy: rounded to broadly spreading

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rutanae
Ordo:
Sapindales

Acer monspessulanum is a tree.

Naming

Acer monspessulanum was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Acer monspessulanum is a species in the genus Acer which contains approximately 230 to 296 species and belongs to the family of the Aceraceae (Maple Family). The type species of the genus is Acer pseudoplatanus.

Characteristics

Acer monspessulanum - habitus
Acer monspessulanum - branches
Acer monspessulanum - fruits

Growth

The comparatively slow-growing trees have a rounded to broadly spreading canopy and reach heights of 6 to 8 metres. The plants reach a width of 4 to 9 metres.

Wood and Bark

The bark is longitudinally fissured and brown.

Leaves

Acer monspessulanum is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are opposite. They are lobate, petiolate and have palmate venation. They turn an attractive yellow, orange to bright orange in autumn.

Flowers and Fruits

Acer monspessulanum produces racemes of pendant, ligth-yellow five-stellate flowers in April. The plants are dioecious, pollination takes places by allogamy through animals.

The trees produce red schizocarps in spring.

Root System

The plants form shallow roots.

Distribution

Acer monspessulanum is native to France, Romania, Turkey, Syria, Northwest Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, the Apennine Peninsula and the Balkan Peninsula.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 6,5 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: drought

Uses

Suited for windbreaks and soil protection and for noise and dust protection, as well as suited as cemetery plant, avenue tree and as greenery along roads.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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