Acer campestre

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Acer campestre L.

Aceraceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant / Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade - Exposure: shade   5

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sand - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay - Soil: peat

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: decidious

Shape: palmately lobed

Division: simple

              

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: schizocarp

V

1B / e2db2f 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: single
Habit: pendant

Canopy: broadly conical

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rutanae
Ordo:
Sapindales

Acer campestre is a tree.

Naming

Acer campestre was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Acer campestre is a species in the genus Acer which contains approximately 230 to 296 species and belongs to the family of the Aceraceae (Maple Family). The type species of the genus is Acer pseudoplatanus.

Characteristics

Acer campestre - habitus
Acer campestre - leaves
Acer campestre - buds
Acer campestre - flowers
Acer campestre - branches
Acer campestre - fruits
Acer campestre - inflorescence
Acer campestre - seeds

Growth

The comparatively slow-growing trees have a broadly conical canopy and reach heights of 5 to 15 metres. The plants reach a width of 5 to 10 metres.

Wood and Bark

The bark is corky, longitudinally fissured or latitudinally fissured and brown.

Leaves

Acer campestre is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are opposite. They are palmately lobed and petiolate with entire margins and palmate venation. They turn an attractive yellow, orange to bright orange in autumn.

Flowers and Fruits

Acer campestre produces panicles of pendant, greenish yellow five-stellate flowers in May. The plants flower on older shoots. They are dioecious, pollination takes places by allogamy through animals.

The trees produce brown schizocarps in summer.

Root System

The plants form shallow roots and a heart-shaped root ball.

Distribution

Acer campestre is native to Europe and northern Iran.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny to shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy, sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 6,5 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5). The plants are suited for spring protection and bank protection in hardwoos areas along wide flowing waters.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • high: city climate, road salt

Uses

The ornamental value of Acer campestre lies especially in the ornamental leaves. Suited for rooftop gardens, windbreaks and soil protection, high cut hedges and for noise and dust protection, as well as suited as cemetery plant, avenue tree, slope plant, specimen plant, greenery along roads, a small canopy tree along roads, bee pasture, bird pasture and as plant providing shelter for birds.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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