Acer saccharum subsp. floridanum

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Acer saccharum subsp. floridanum Michx.

Aceraceae

Life form: tree

Exposure: shade   4

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: decidious

Shape: not specified

Division: not specified

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: schizocarp

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rutanae
Ordo:
Sapindales

Acer saccharum subsp. floridanum is a tree.

Naming

Acer saccharum subsp. floridanum was already described and the name validly published by Alvan Wentworth Chapman. It was Yves Desmarais, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1952.

Taxonomy

Acer saccharum subsp. floridanum is a subspecies in the genus Acer which contains approximately 230 to 296 species and belongs to the family of the Aceraceae (Maple Family). The type species of the genus is Acer pseudoplatanus.

Characteristics

Growth

The trees reach heights of 9 to 15 metres, they have a erect habit and produce a single stem. The main growing season is in spring and summer.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Acer saccharum subsp. floridanum is deciduous. The dark-green leaves are opposite. They are petiolate and have palmate venation. The foliage is dense in summer and porous in winter.

Flowers and Fruits

Acer saccharum subsp. floridanum produces yellow five-stellate flowers from April to May.

From spring to summer the trees produce an abundance of red schizocarps that are both edible and very ornamental.

Root System

Distribution

Cultivation

The trees prefer a shady situation. They prefer sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 5 and 6,5. The plants need a soil depth of at least 61 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4) and need a frost-free period of at least 29 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: soil salinity, anaerobic soil
  • low: drought
  • medium: calcareous soil

Uses

The ornamental value of Acer saccharum subsp. floridanum lies especially in the attractive autumn aspect. From a commercial point of view the trees can be used to produce pulpwood.

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing or by cuttings.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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