Acer saccharum Marshall
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Acer saccharum is a tree.
Acer saccharum was described by Humphry Marshall in 1785. The name is considered as validly published.
Acer saccharum is a species in the genus Acer which contains approximately 230 to 296 species and belongs to the family of the Aceraceae (Maple Family). The type species of the genus is Acer pseudoplatanus.
The comparatively fast-growing trees have a rounded to broadly columnar canopy and reach heights of 18 to 20 metres. The plants reach a width of 10 to 15 metres.
Wood and Bark
The bark is brown.
Acer saccharum is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are opposite. They are palmately lobed and petiolate with lobate margins and palmate venation. They turn an attractive yellow, orange, bright orange to red in autumn.
Flowers and Fruits
Acer saccharum produces corymbs of erect, green five-stellate flowers in April. The plants are dioecious, pollination takes places by allogamy through animals.
The trees produce schizocarps.
The plants form shallow roots.
Acer saccharum is native to eastern Canada, the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the Southeast of the US and the southern Prairie States of the US.
The trees prefer a sunny to shady situation on moist soil. They prefer sandy, gritty-sandy, loamy, sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 3,7 and 7,9. The plants need a soil depth of at least 1.02 metres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -40Â°C (USDA zone 3).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- open areas
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- low: calcareous soil
Suited as avenue tree and as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.