Acer saccharum

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Acer saccharum Marshall

Aceraceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade - Exposure: shade   3

Moisture: moist

Soil: sand - Soil: gritty-sandy - Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: decidious

Shape: palmately lobed

Division: simple

                   

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: schizocarp

IV

134B / 229143 

Inflorescence: corymb

Petals: not specified
Habit: erect

Canopy: rounded to broadly columnar

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rutanae
Ordo:
Sapindales

Acer saccharum is a tree.

Naming

Acer saccharum was described by Humphry Marshall in 1785. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Acer saccharum is a species in the genus Acer which contains approximately 230 to 296 species and belongs to the family of the Aceraceae (Maple Family). The type species of the genus is Acer pseudoplatanus.

Characteristics

Acer saccharum - habitus

Growth

The comparatively fast-growing trees have a rounded to broadly columnar canopy and reach heights of 18 to 20 metres. The plants reach a width of 10 to 15 metres.

Wood and Bark

The bark is brown.

Leaves

Acer saccharum is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are opposite. They are palmately lobed and petiolate with lobate margins and palmate venation. They turn an attractive yellow, orange, bright orange to red in autumn.

Flowers and Fruits

Acer saccharum produces corymbs of erect, green five-stellate flowers in April. The plants are dioecious, pollination takes places by allogamy through animals.

The trees produce schizocarps.

Root System

The plants form shallow roots.

Distribution

Acer saccharum is native to eastern Canada, the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the Southeast of the US and the southern Prairie States of the US.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny to shady situation on moist soil. They prefer sandy, gritty-sandy, loamy, sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 3,7 and 7,9. The plants need a soil depth of at least 1.02 metres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -40°C (USDA zone 3).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • low: calcareous soil

Uses

Suited as avenue tree and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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