Acer tataricum subsp. ginnala
Acer tataricum subsp. ginnala (Maxim.) Wesm.
Acer tataricum subsp. ginnala is a shrub.
Acer tataricum subsp. ginnala was already described and the name validly published by Carl Johann Maximowicz. It was Alfred Wesmael, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics .
Acer tataricum subsp. ginnala is a subspecies in the genus Acer which contains approximately 230 to 296 species and belongs to the family of the Aceraceae (Maple Family). The type species of the genus is Acer pseudoplatanus.
The comparatively fast-growing shrubs reach heights of 5 to 7 metres, they have a rounded habit and produce multiple stems. The main growing season is in spring and summer. The plants reach a width of 5 to 8 metres.
Wood and Bark
The bark is smooth and brown.
Acer tataricum subsp. ginnala is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are opposite. They are palmately lobed and petiolate with lobate margins and palmate venation. The surface of the leaves is glabrous. The foliage is dense and turns an attractive dark red in autumn.
Flowers and Fruits
Acer tataricum subsp. ginnala produces panicles of erect, greenish five-stellate flowers in May. The plants flower on older shoots. They are dioecious, pollination takes places by allogamy through animals.
The shrubs produce an abundance of red schizocarps from summer to autumn.
The plants form shallow roots.
Acer tataricum subsp. ginnala is native to East Siberia, Mongolia, China, Manchuria, Korea and Japan.
The shrubs prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. They prefer sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 6,1 and 7,5. The plants need a soil depth of at least 61 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -35Â°C (USDA zone 4) and need a frost-free period of at least 19 weeks.
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- open areas
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- none: anaerobic soil
- low: drought
- medium: soil salinity, calcareous soil
- high: city climate, road salt
The ornamental value of Acer tataricum subsp. ginnala lies especially in the attractive autumn aspect and its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 2,5 metres. Suited for rooftop gardens and for windbreaks and soil protection, as well as suited as cemetery plant, avenue tree, container plant, specimen plant, greenery along roads, a small canopy tree along roads, bird pasture and as plant providing shelter for birds.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.
Propagate by sowing. The seeds require vernalization.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.