Acer pseudoplatanus

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Acer pseudoplatanus L.

Aceraceae

Life form: tree
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   4

Moisture: moderately moist bis Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay - Soil: peat

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: decidious

Shape: palmately lobed

Division: simple

    

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: schizocarp

1B / e2db2f 

Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: single
Habit: pendant

Canopy: rounded to broadly spreading

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rutanae
Ordo:
Sapindales

Acer pseudoplatanus is a tree.

Naming

Acer pseudoplatanus was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Acer pseudoplatanus is the type species of the genus Acer which contains approximately 230 to 296 species and belongs to the family of the Aceraceae (Maple Family).

Characteristics

Acer pseudoplatanus - habitus
Acer pseudoplatanus - leaves
Acer pseudoplatanus - flowers
Acer pseudoplatanus - fruits

Growth

The trees reach heights of 20 to 30 metres, the main growing season is in spring and summer. They have a rounded to broadly spreading canopy. The plants reach a width of 10 to more than 15 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Acer pseudoplatanus is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are opposite. They are palmately lobed and petiolate with lobate margins and palmate venation. The foliage is dense in summer and porous in winter and turns an attractive yellow in autumn.

Flowers and Fruits

Acer pseudoplatanus produces racemes of pendant, greenish yellow five-stellate flowers from May to June. The plants flower on older shoots. They are dioecious, pollination takes places by allogamy through animals.

The trees produce an abundance of ornamental green schizocarps from spring to summer.

Root System

The plants form shallow roots.

Distribution

Acer pseudoplatanus is native to Europe and Southwest Asia.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on fresh to moist soil. They prefer sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 5,8 and 7. The plants need a soil depth of at least 1.22 metres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4) and need a frost-free period of at least 20 weeks. The plants are suited for spring protection, bank protection in softwood areas along wide flowing waters and bank protection in hardwoos areas along wide flowing waters.

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: anaerobic soil
  • low: calcareous soil
  • medium: soil salinity, drought
  • high: city climate, road salt

Uses

Suited for windbreaks and soil protection and for noise and dust protection, as well as suited as avenue tree, specimen plant, greenery along roads, bee pasture, bird pasture and as plant providing shelter for birds.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.

Propagate by sowing. The seeds require vernalization. Also by cuttings.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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