Acanthus dioscoridis

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Acanthus dioscoridis L.

Acanthaceae

Life form: perennial

  8

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: rosette
Leaves: decidious

Shape: lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: labiate
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

63D / e981ab 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: stemless

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Lamianae
Ordo:
Scrophulariales

Acanthus dioscoridis is a perennial.

Naming

Acanthus dioscoridis was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1756. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Acanthus dioscoridis is a species in the genus Acanthus which contains approximately 32 to 41 species and belongs to the family of the Acanthaceae (Acanthus Family). The type species of the genus is Acanthus mollis.

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 20 to 40 centimetres.

Leaves

Acanthus dioscoridis is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are in rosettes. They are lanceolate with sinuate margins.

Flowers and Fruits

Acanthus dioscoridis produces spikes of pink labiate flowers.

The perennials produce loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Acanthus dioscoridis is native to Iran and Iraq.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. The perennials tolerate temperatures down to -12°C (USDA zone 8).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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