Eleutherococcus senticosus

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Eleutherococcus senticosus Maxim.

Araliaceae

Life form: shrub

Exposure: sun   5

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: elliptic

Division: digitate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: drupe

150B / c3d238 

Inflorescence: umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Cornidae
Superordo:
Aralianae
Ordo:
Araliales

Eleutherococcus senticosus, commonly known as Siberian ginseng, is a shrub.

Naming

Eleutherococcus senticosus was already described and the name validly published by Franz Josef Ruprecht and Carl Johann Maximowicz. It was Carl Johann Maximowicz, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1859.

Taxonomy

Eleutherococcus senticosus is a species in the genus Eleutherococcus which contains approximately 51 to 53 species and belongs to the family of the Araliaceae (Ginseng Family).

Characteristics

Eleutherococcus senticosus - fruits

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 4 to 6 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Eleutherococcus senticosus is deciduous. The digitate leaves are alternate. The elliptic leaflets are biserrate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Eleutherococcus senticosus produces umbels of light-green five-stellate flowers from June to July.

The shrubs produce black drupes in autumn.

Root System

Distribution

Eleutherococcus senticosus is native to North China, Manchuria, Korea, Japan and Sakhalin.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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