Acacia senegal

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Acacia senegal (L.) Willd.

Fabaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: economic plant

  9

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: ovate

Division: bipinnate

Shape: globose
Fruit: legume

 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Fabanae
Ordo:
Fabales

Acacia senegal, commonly known as gum arabic tree, Sudan gum arabic, is a shrub.

Naming

Acacia senegal was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Carl Ludwig von Willdenow, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1806.

Taxonomy

Acacia senegal is a species in the genus Acacia which contains approximately 1550 to 1852 species and belongs to the family of the Fabaceae (Legume Family).

Characteristics

Growth

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Acacia senegal is evergreen. The bipinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are ovate and have entire margins.

Flowers and Fruits

Acacia senegal produces globose flowers.

The shrubs produce legumes.

Root System

Distribution

Acacia senegal is native to western Sudan, Nigeria and the Arabian Peninsula.

Cultivation

The shrubs tolerate temperatures down to -7°C (USDA zone 9).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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