Acacia farnesiana

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Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.

Fabaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   8

Moisture: dry

Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: clay - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: ovate

Division: bipinnate

Shape: globose
Fruit: legume

25A / ff6a11 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Fabanae
Ordo:
Fabales

Acacia farnesiana is a shrub.

Naming

Acacia farnesiana was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Carl Ludwig von Willdenow, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1806.

Taxonomy

Acacia farnesiana is a species in the genus Acacia which contains approximately 1550 to 1852 species and belongs to the family of the Fabaceae (Legume Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 3,6 to 10 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Acacia farnesiana is evergreen. The bipinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are ovate, entire and have pinnate venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Acacia farnesiana produces orange globose flowers from February to March.

The shrubs produce legumes.

Root System

Distribution

Acacia farnesiana is native to Texas, California, Florida, Mexico, the West Indies and South America and is naturalized in the Southeast of the US.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny situation on dry soil. The substrate should be loamy, sandy-loamy, clay or loamy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -12°C (USDA zone 8).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: calcareous soil

Uses

The ornamental value of Acacia farnesiana lies especially in its fragrance.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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