Abies lasiocarpa

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Abies lasiocarpa (Hook.) Nutt.

Pinaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade - Exposure: shade   4

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Coniferous leaves: cushion-like base

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: cone

V

 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Canopy: narrowly conical (flame shaped)

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Pinophyta
Subdivisio:
Pinophytina
Classis:
Pinopsida
Subclassis:
Pinidae
Ordo:
Pinales

Abies lasiocarpa, commonly known as subalpine fir, Alpine fir, is a tree.

Naming

Abies lasiocarpa was already described and the name validly published by William Jackson Hooker. It was Thomas Nuttall, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1849.

Taxonomy

Abies lasiocarpa is a species in the genus Abies which contains approximately 84 to 93 species and belongs to the family of the Pinaceae (Pine Family). The type species of the genus is Abies alba.

Characteristics

Abies lasiocarpa - habitus

Growth

The trees have a flame shaped canopy and reach heights of 8 to 10 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Abies lasiocarpa is evergreen. The mid-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear.

Flowers and Fruits

Abies lasiocarpa flowers in May. The plants are dioecious, pollination takes places by allogamy through the wind.

The trees carry brown cones.

Root System

Distribution

Abies lasiocarpa is native to Alaska, western Canada, the Northwest of the US, the Southwest of the US and the Rocky Mountains.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny to shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • medium: calcareous soil

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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