Abies procera

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Abies procera Rehder

Pinaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: half shade   6

Moisture: moist

Soil: sand - Soil: gritty-sandy - Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Coniferous leaves: cushion-like base

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: cone

 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Canopy: narrowly conical

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Pinophyta
Subdivisio:
Pinophytina
Classis:
Pinopsida
Subclassis:
Pinidae
Ordo:
Pinales

Abies procera is a tree.

Naming

Abies procera was described by Alfred Rehder. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Abies procera is a species in the genus Abies which contains approximately 84 to 93 species and belongs to the family of the Pinaceae (Pine Family). The type species of the genus is Abies alba.

Characteristics

Abies procera - flowers

Growth

The trees are comparatively fast-growing and long-lived. They have a narrowly conical canopy and reach heights of 25 to 45 metres.

Wood and Bark

The bark is grey.

Leaves

Abies procera is evergreen. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear.

Flowers and Fruits

Abies procera flowers from May to June. The plants are dioecious, pollination takes places by allogamy through the wind.

The trees produce ornamental purple cones in spring.

Root System

Distribution

Abies procera is native to Washington, Oregon and North California.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy, gritty-sandy, loamy, sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 4 and 6. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • medium: calcareous soil

Uses

Suited as bee pasture and as plant providing shelter for birds.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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