Abies alba Mill.
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Abies alba is a tree.
Abies alba was described by Philip Miller in 1768. The name is considered as validly published.
The comparatively fast-growing trees have a broadly columnar canopy and reach heights of 30 to 55 metres.
Wood and Bark
Abies alba is evergreen. The mid-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are acicular and sessile with entire margins and parallel venation.
Flowers and Fruits
Abies alba produces spikes of erect greenish flowers from May to June. The plants are dioecious, pollination takes places by allogamy through the wind.
The trees carry brown cones.
The plants form shallow roots.
Abies alba is native to Central Europe and Southern Europe.
The trees prefer a sunny to shady situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -35Â°C (USDA zone 4).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- open areas
Suited as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.